CAUSES OF FAILURE IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS (3)
The Concluding Part
This series started by considering the Physical/Moral Causes of Students’ Failure in Higher Institutions. The first part dealt with the first three causes of failure:
1:1 ABSENCE FROM LECTURES
1:2 REFUSAL TO DO ASSIGNMENTS
1:3 HATRED FOR LECTURERS
In the second part, discussed
1:4 HATRED FOR COURSES
1:6 USE OF UNSUITABLE TEXTBOOKS
In this concluding part, we will consider the last three causes of failure among students.
1:7 CARNAL COMPARISON
When two students are given the same piece of document to study, given the same period of time, in the same room and under the same condition, it is most likely they may not understand it the same way. This is due to the differences in their ability to recall, memorize and assimilate. Most students do not understand this. They compare themselves with friends and restructure their study timetable according to their friends’ time table. They play, sleep, read and go to school at the same time, but one ends up passing while the other may fail woefully when the results are released.
This has been a very common cause of failure and one that most students have neglected. The earlier you identify it as your problem, the quicker it will be for you to escape from its grips.
Know yourself and know what suits you best. Do not compare yourself illogically with others around you. You are a peculiar being. Have intimate friends, but understand the differences between your friends and you. Know what time of the day you assimilate at a higher rate and invest your all into such times, whether it is the same for your friends or not. Do not trade such periods for momentary pleasures with friends. If you do, you may have yourself to blame for your actions. So be careful. Each man will have to bear his own cross.
Your parents did not send you to school to keep friends, neither did they pay your school fees so that you can roam around the streets of your campus hand-in-hand with some sets of friends who know how to find their ways out of tight corners when exams are near. So, know your own peculiarities and appreciate them.
Laziness is the father of procrastination. It is the advanced stage of procrastination as procrastination matures into laziness. A lazy student does not want to do anything other than to eat, play and sleep. He lives a rotational life of eat, sleep and play.
He does not write his notes, does not read his textbooks and handouts, does not go to the library, does not attend lectures and does not go for practical classes. He only sleeps after each meal and wakes up to eat again after playing for some time. He is at the verge of failure and is surely going to fail if he does not change.
Lazy people do not succeed; they do not have what it takes to. Do not be lazy; learn to do your work.
1:9 EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE
Some students, due to some of the reasons stated above and some mentioned in the next two chapters, refuse to devote time to study and the revision of what they have been taught. At the time of the examination, such students are empty, not knowing what to write and how to satisfy the Examiners. Gripped by the fear of failure, most of them resort to other things, which they think are shortcuts and can help them out of their predicament. This is done in different ways. Some of these are: –
(a) Entering into the examination hall with prohibited materials like textbooks, notebooks, handouts and key points.
(b) Discussing with fellow candidates in the exam hall, asking for answers to questions which they do not know.
(c) Exchanging answer sheets in the examination hall, with or without the Invigilator’s consent.
(d) Smuggling into the examination hall small sheets of paper with likely answers to possible questions (torn off the pages of a textbook or hand-copied).
(e) Sneaking question papers out of the examination hall to students outside the hall who will in turn solve the questions and sneak the solutions back into the examination hall.
(f) Bribing lecturers, examiners or some corrupt and unscrupulous staff of the school for exposition of the question papers before the examination day.
(g) Bribing lecturers or some corrupt and unscrupulous staff of the school for favor to boost the marks scored or to increase the general performance of some of the students after the examination, awarding them more marks and grades than they really deserved
All these are known as cheating and are referred to as examination malpractice. If a student is caught cheating in the examination hall, he faces the risk of having his/her answer sheets torn, marks being subtracted and total expulsion from the school. If it involves a staff of the school, he also faces the risk of losing his job for destroying the image of the school.
So far, we have been able to discuss 9 major Physical Causes of Failure among students. If you have any question, please forward to the author through any of the details below.
Sam. O. Salau
(Africa’s Leading Author On Campus Issues)